THE UNCHANGEABLE ESSENCE BUT CHANGEABLE AND UNCHANGEABLE ATTRIBUTES

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Emeritus Professor of Islamic Philosophy, The University of Tehran

Abstract

 In what follows, the author has dealt with the relation between the necessary being as an unchangeable Essence and His changeable and unchangeable attributes. Neither is the ascription of any changeable attribute impossible for God nor is the ascription of any kind of unchangeable attribute possible. As the change of genitive attributes does not demand the change in the Essence, it is possible to ascribe changeable attributes to the Essence. And as the real attached attributes bring about some dilemmas mentioned here, it is necessary for real attributes to be identical with the Essence. The article ends in a brief account on the cognitive form theory proposed by Avicenna and strongly defended by Mulla Sadra.

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