Ayn Rand’s Egoism: Theory and Analysis

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, University of Zanjan, Iran

2 Professor, University of Religions and Denominations, Iran


Ayn Rand was a Russian-born American philosopher, novelist, and playwright, whose interpretation of ethical egoism is one of the most important interpretations of this theory.  Rand is a proponent of intellectual egoism, and rationalism is a fundamental element in her ethical theory. This article attempts to review, analyze, and criticize her interpretation of ethical egoism.   Additionally, an ethical theory known as ego-altruism will be introduced in opposition to Rand’s theory.  Ego-altruism proposes that the pivot of ethics is to maintain balance and equilibrium between the self and others.


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