A Reflection on Social Darwinism and Its Repercussions

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Al-Mustafa International University, Qom, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.


The world today accommodates many communities, consisting of diverse cultures with their distinct and similar characteristics. There are different conceptions of the nature of humans and the world, and the necessity of a comprehensive revision of various intellectual and cultural foundations for purposes of preventing the ever-growing conflicts makes itself felt more and more. Finding the roots and providing theoretical philosophical analyses of such tensions, as well as social repercussions of the philosophical views, will present us with a context in which the problem is illuminated. The social approach to the Darwinian theory of transformism is one such theory that provides philosophical and social contexts for aversion of the other. In this paper, we draw upon the analytic-descriptive method to collect data and documents to examine the philosophical and theological aspects, and then the social aspects, of this approach. We conclude that social Darwinism is not only a threat to cultural interrelations and peaceful coexistence of ethnicities, religions, and races, but also a threat to the world by encouraging racism, radical nationalism, and ethnical and religious supremacy, providing scientific justifications for such manners and habits.


Main Subjects

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