A Review and Critique of the Theory of the speculativeness of the implication (ẓannī al-dalālah) of Qur’ān

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Quran and Hadith Sciences, Hazrat-e Masoumeh University, Qom, lran, z.olyanasab@hmu.ac.ir.

2 Ph.D student , Lectureship of Islamic Teachings, Faculty of Theology, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran, moh.olya@gmail.com

3 PhD Graduate , Quran and Hadith , Arak University, Arak, Iran,majidnabavi1366@gmail.com


Since the purpose of Qur’ān is to elevate the Worldly and Otherworldly Life of mankind, and nourish the human soul and body in all dimensions, we should use this holy book in all aspects of our lives. However, some Shia and Sunni scholars believe that the implication of Qur’ān is speculative. The present study seeks to determine which view on the definitive (Qaṭʻī) and the speculative textual implication of Qur’ān is correct? By examining and explaining the definitiveness of the usage intention in the words of every speaker and, in most cases, the definitiveness of the real intention, and by the holistic view of the verses, and considering different verses (Perspicuous (Muhkam), intricate (Mutashābeh), etc.) as well as focusing on the expressive miracle of the Word of God, it can be concluded that the word of revelation enjoys definitive implication- except in the intricate versus the interpretation of which no one knows except those who are firmly grounded in knowledge(al-rāsixūn fi-l-ʿilm)- and most often there is no doubt about the meanings of the words.

Keywords: Textual Implication, Speculative, Definitive, Speculativeness of the Implication (ẓannī al-dalālah), Definitive Implication (Qaṭʻī al-dalālah).


Main Subjects