Document Type : Research Paper
Researcher at Women and Family Studies Research Center and PhD Candidate, Faculty of Woman and Family, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of Social Science and Development Studies, Women Research Center, al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran
With the Western world’s interaction with Islamic thought, Muslim intellectuals faced new challenges regarding women, and human rights. Committed Muslim scholars have always attempted to draw a clear and correct picture of pure Islamic attitude towards women in the family and society. Bint al-Huda al-Sadr has amalgamated theoretical thinking with sociopolitical pragmatism. This study attempts to provide a clear picture of the theoretical and conceptual framework of her thought and her view of the role and position of women by analyzing the themes of her articles on women and their challenges in contemporary society. The analysis first yielded 270 basic themes and 53 organizing themes; after comparing, integrating, and processing them, three inclusive themes and 26 organizing themes were finally extracted. A Muslim woman, Bint al-Huda al-Sadr believes, is first and foremost identified with her husband and children at home. With an independent and, indeed, distinctive identity from men, the woman shoulders specific familial responsibilities. Her most important duty is to appropriately and purposefully rear children. Successfully performing this duty requires her social presence and life. A Muslim woman must discern the authentic Islamic culture and teachings, according to which she should circumscribe and resist the spread of Western culture.