Pacifism and Jihad

Document Type : Research Paper


Associate Professor, University of Qom, Qom, Iran.



In the present era, theorists try to explain the phenomenon of peace in the world through political theories, one of which is pacifism. Anti-war pacifism is considered the most common type of pacifism, because war is one of the main issues in international diplomacy. In this study, the initial aim is to provide a general overview of pacifism and its types, including virtue pacifism, deontological pacifism, consequential pacifism, and peacemaking, in international arena and then to introduce a different notion of peace-making based on Islamic diplomacy and to argue for a type of peace-making called perpetual peace. The findings of this study show that in Islam peace does not always mean the absence of violence but rather ever-lasting peace that flourishes in the absence of oppression, injustice, corruption, and tyranny.


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